What are the Vegetables that Dogs can eat?

Written by: Luis Ignacio Gonzalez Andue



Time to read 13 min

When we think about feeding our dog, we must know that including vegetables in his diet is a fundamental part if we want to offer him a correct diet. Vegetables contain beneficial nutrients and it is very important to know what vegetables a dog can eat and what vegetables dogs cannot eat. Below, we go into detail about each vegetable.

In this blog, we will break down which vegetables our dogs can enjoy so you can enrich their diet naturally, which ones they should avoid, and how vegetables can positively influence their health, giving them a healthier and happier life. In addition, we will explain some tips such as: what to do to make your dog eat vegetables, combine vegetables with food or how many vegetables they can eat per week.

Benefits and disadvantages of vegetables in the Dog Diet

Incorporating vegetables into your dog's diet is an excellent way to enrich his diet, providing not only a variety of new and stimulating flavors, but also numerous health benefits. Here are some of the main benefits of including vegetables in the canine diet:

  • Improved digestion: The fiber present in many vegetables can help regulate the dog's digestive system, preventing both constipation and diarrhea. This contributes to a healthier digestive tract and better nutrient absorption.
  • Weight Management: Vegetables are generally low in calories and fat, making them ideal for helping maintain a healthy weight in your dog, especially if he tends to gain weight easily.
  • Eye and skin health: Vegetables such as carrots, rich in vitamins A and C, are beneficial for maintaining the health of your dog's skin and eyesight. Vitamin A is crucial for visual function, while vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect skin cells.
  • Immune Booster: Some vegetables contain antioxidants that help strengthen dogs' immune systems, protecting them against various diseases and promoting a healthy inflammatory response.
  • Disease prevention: The nutrients and antioxidants found in vegetables can contribute to the prevention of certain chronic diseases, such as heart disease and certain types of cancer, thanks to their ability to combat free radicals in the body.
  • Dental health: Chewing on crunchy vegetables like carrots can help clean your dog's teeth, reducing plaque and improving breath.
vegetables that dogs can eat

Despite having great benefits, it is important to remember that not all vegetables are safe for dogs, and there are also disadvantages to consider :

  • Toxicity Risks: Some vegetables are toxic to dogs, such as onions, garlic, and in some cases, the green parts of potatoes (solanine). It is crucial to know which vegetables are safe for dogs and in what quantities.
  • Digestive problems: Although the fiber in vegetables is beneficial, too much can cause digestive problems in dogs, such as diarrhea or gas. Additionally, very hard or raw vegetables can be difficult to digest and could cause intestinal blockages, especially in small breeds.
  • Interference with nutrition: Vegetables should not replace a significant portion of the protein-based diet that dogs need for adequate nutrition. Excessive use of vegetables can lead to nutritional imbalances if they are not adequately supplemented with sources of protein and other essential nutrients.
  • Inappropriate preparation: Vegetables cooked with oils, salt, onion, garlic or spices can be harmful to dogs. Vegetables should be served safely, usually cooked and without additives, to avoid health problems.
  • Allergies or intolerances: Like humans, some dogs may be allergic or intolerant to certain vegetables, which can cause adverse reactions such as itching, rashes, or gastrointestinal problems.
  • Choking Hazard: Large or poorly cut pieces of certain vegetables can pose a choking hazard, especially for small dogs or those who tend to swallow food without chewing properly.

It is always advisable to consult with a veterinarian before making significant changes to your pet's diet and offer vegetables in safe forms, such as cooked and without seasoning, to avoid health problems.

Below we leave you some examples of vegetables:

Can dogs eat zucchini? Can dogs eat pumpkin? 🎃

Yes, dogs can eat both pumpkin and zucchini. In fact, these vegetables are very beneficial for them, as they are rich in fiber and vitamin A , which helps regulate digestion and can be especially useful for dogs with stomach problems .

Can dogs eat pumpkin or zucchini?

Can dogs eat carrots? 🥕

Dogs can eat carrots both raw and cooked. Carrots are low in calories and high in fiber and vitamin A, making them good for dogs' eyesight and for keeping their teeth and gums healthy.

Can dogs eat broccoli? 🥦

Dogs can eat broccoli in moderate amounts. It is rich in fiber and vitamin C, but should be given in moderation because it contains isocyanates , which can cause gastric irritation in large quantities.

Additionally, dogs can eat cooked broccoli , and it can actually be a healthy addition to their diet if fed correctly.

Can dogs eat cucumber? 🥒

Cucumbers are safe for dogs and are an excellent low-calorie snack, ideal for overweight dogs . They are also high in water content, which can help keep dogs hydrated.

Can dogs eat spinach?

Spinach can be consumed by dogs, but with caution. Although they are rich in vitamins A, C, and K, they also contain oxalates, which can contribute to kidney stone formation in some dogs. Additionally, dogs can eat cooked spinach.

Can dogs eat green beans?

Green beans are completely safe for dogs and are an excellent source of fiber and vitamin C. Be sure to cook them without salt or seasoning before offering them to your dog.

Can dogs eat lettuce? 🥬

Yes, dogs can eat lettuce. It is safe and can be a good source of fiber and water, but it does not offer significant nutritional value . It should be given in small quantities as part of a balanced diet.

Can dogs eat celery?

Celery is safe for dogs and can be a healthy, crunchy snack . It is low in calories and contains important vitamins such as vitamin K, which contributes to bone health. Additionally, dogs can eat cooked celery.

Can dogs eat sweet potatoes?

Sweet potatoes are another safe vegetable for dogs, rich in fiber, vitamin B6 and vitamin C. Like other vegetables, they should be cooked and served without seasoning to avoid health problems.

Can dogs eat artichokes?

Dogs can eat artichokes in small quantities . Although they are not toxic, their high fiber content can cause diarrhea if consumed in excess. In addition, they must be prepared without seasonings.

Can dogs eat leek?

No, dogs should not eat leeks, as they belong to the onion family and can be toxic to dogs, causing gastrointestinal problems and potentially anemia .

Can dogs eat mushrooms? 🍄

They are best avoided due to the risk of toxicity of certain wild varieties. If offered, they should only eat certain types of mushrooms, specifically those that are safe for human consumption.

Can dogs eat pepper? 🫑

Yes, dogs can eat peppers, especially red ones , which are high in antioxidants. However, they must be stripped of seeds and cut into small pieces to avoid suffocation.

Can dogs eat cauliflower?

Yes, cauliflower is safe for dogs and can be a good source of vitamins and minerals . It should be cooked without seasonings to improve its digestibility, which is why dogs can eat cooked cauliflower.

Can dogs eat eggplant? 🍆

Dogs can eat cooked eggplant in small quantities as long as they are not allergic to it. It must be prepared without oil or spices .

Can dogs eat asparagus?

Dogs can eat asparagus, as it contains important vitamins and is low in calories, but it is recommended that it be cooked to avoid problems with difficult-to-digest strands.

Can dogs eat chard?

Yes, dogs can eat chard, since it is highly recommended in diets to lose weight , since it is very satiating, nutritious and its caloric intake is low, but it is better to offer it cooked and in moderation. You should also keep in mind that chard contains oxalates , which in large quantities can contribute to kidney problems.

Can dogs eat beets?

Yes, dogs can eat beets, as they are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals, beneficial for your dog's health . However, due to its high sugar content, it should be given in small quantities. In addition, it is recommended to cook it to facilitate its consumption, since it can be difficult to digest.

Can dogs eat cabbage?

Yes, dogs can eat cabbage. This vegetable is a rich source of fiber and essential nutrients . However, to avoid digestive problems such as gas, it is better to offer it cooked and in limited quantities. Cooking helps break down some of the harder-to-digest compounds, reducing the chance of causing stomach upset.

Vegetables prohibited for dogs ❌

Now that you know what vegetables a dog can eat, it is crucial that you also know the vegetables that dogs cannot eat and that you should avoid giving them under any circumstances, as they can be harmful to their health:

  • Garlic : Contains thiosulfate, a substance that can cause symptoms such as lethargy, tachycardia and hyperventilation in dogs. In the long term, garlic consumption can lead to the destruction of red blood cells, causing anemia.
  • Onion : Like garlic, leek and chives, onion has a high thiosulfate content. This compound is toxic to dogs and can cause the destruction of white and red blood cells, producing hemolytic anemia.
  • Tomato : Green tomatoes and parts of the tomato plant contain solanine, a toxin that is not well digested by dogs and can cause severe stomach pain, as well as other problems such as nausea and irregular heartbeat.
  • Potato : Raw or green potatoes contain solanine, an alkaloid that can be toxic to dogs. It can cause symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, seizures, and heart problems if consumed in sufficient quantities.
  • Rhubarb : Both the stems and leaves of rhubarb contain oxalates that can interfere with calcium levels in the body. Excessive consumption can cause kidney problems and other health problems in dogs.

It is essential to pay close attention to the diet you provide to your pet. Including vegetables in your dog's diet should always be done with knowledge and caution to ensure complete and balanced nutrition. We always recommend going to the vet to do it safely.

Food with fruits and vegetables for dogs

How to get my dog ​​to eat vegetables?

Here are some strategies to motivate your dog to eat fruit:

  • Offer vegetables as prizes : Use small pieces of vegetables as prizes during games or training. This not only encourages your dog to try a new food, but also associates the vegetable with a positive experience.
  • Mix vegetables with his favorite foods : You can mix small pieces of vegetables with his usual food or with other foods that he already likes. This can help your dog gradually get used to the taste of the vegetable.
  • Puree or freeze vegetables : Some dogs prefer soft textures or cold foods, especially in hot climates or summer. Try offering pureed vegetables or frozen vegetables as a refreshing snack.
  • Be creative : Every dog ​​is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Experiment with different vegetables and presentation methods until you find what your dog likes best.
  • Dog food with vegetables : You can offer natural dog food that contains fruit and vegetables, since they are complete and balanced foods, 100% natural and hypoallergenic. You have a large selection of food with vegetables that contain everything from fresh duck meat to fresh fish and chicken, developed both for adult dogs with a tendency to obesity, as well as food for small breeds. It's a sneakier way to include these types of foods in your diet. Here we leave you some feeds that contain fruit and vegetables:




At Breedna we are manufacturers of dog food, which gives us a great advantage when it comes to producing food that adapts to the needs of your pets.

With these strategies, you can help your dog not only accept but also enjoy vegetables as part of his diet.

Here you can find more information about what fruits dogs can eat.

Can dogs eat cooked vegetables?

Dogs can eat cooked vegetables, and in fact, it is often recommended to cook them to facilitate digestion and nutrient absorption. Cooking vegetables can make them easier to chew and digest, especially for smaller dogs, older dogs, or those with dental or digestive problems. Additionally, the cooking process helps break down fibers, release more nutrients, and eliminate potentially harmful bacteria.

However, it is important to keep the following in mind when preparing cooked vegetables for dogs:

  • No seasoning: Vegetables should be cooked without salt, oil, onion, garlic, or spices that may be harmful to dogs.
  • Cooking Methods: Steaming or boiling are the best options as they retain more nutrients compared to methods like frying.
  • Type of vegetables: Some vegetables are more suitable for dogs than others. For example, carrots, squash, and green beans are safe and healthy options when cooked properly.
  • Adequate portions: Vegetables should be offered as a complement to your dog's regular diet, not as a substitute for his main meals, which should be nutritionally complete.

Cooking vegetables can be a great way to add variety and additional nutrients to your dog's diet, as long as it is done safely and under the guidance of a veterinarian, especially if your dog has special dietary needs or existing health conditions.

Can dogs eat raw vegetables?

Yes, dogs can eat some raw vegetables, but it's important to know which ones are safe and how to prepare them to avoid health problems. Raw vegetables can be a good source of vitamins and minerals, as well as providing fiber that aids digestion. However, some raw vegetables are harder for dogs to digest than others. These are some of the precautions you should take:

  • Chop into small pieces: Some vegetables should be cut into small pieces to avoid the risk of choking and facilitate digestion.
  • Introduce gradually: It is important to introduce any raw vegetables gradually into the dog's diet to see how his digestive system reacts.

Can vegetables be combined with feed?

Combining vegetables with dog food can be a great way to enrich your dog's diet with additional nutrients and offer a variety of flavors and textures that can make your daily diet more interesting and attractive. However, it is important to do this properly to ensure your dog receives a balanced and safe diet.

Benefits of combining vegetables with feed

  • Improved digestion: Vegetables are an excellent source of fiber, which helps regulate the dog's digestive system, facilitating intestinal transit and promoting healthy stools. This is especially useful for dogs that suffer from constipation or digestion irregularities.
  • Nutritional enrichment: Vegetables provide essential vitamins and minerals that are not always present in optimal quantities in commercial feed. For example, vitamins such as A, C, and K, as well as antioxidants that can improve immune health and prevent disease.
  • Weight control: Incorporating vegetables into the diet can help control the dog's weight, as they are low in calories and fat, but high in fiber, which helps dogs feel fuller longer. This is particularly beneficial for dogs prone to overweight or obesity.
  • Oral health: Some crunchy vegetables, such as carrots or celery, can help clean your dog's teeth as he chews, reducing plaque buildup and improving breath.
  • Increased palatability in dogs: Vegetables can make food more attractive to dogs, especially those who are picky eaters. This can be very helpful in ensuring that your dog is getting the necessary amount of nutrients each day.
  • Disease prevention: The high antioxidant content in many vegetables can help fight free radicals, reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease and vision problems.
  • Diet variation: Adding vegetables to the feed can break up the monotony and provide a variety of textures and flavors, which improves the dog's feeding experience and can contribute to its overall well-being.

How to combine vegetables with feed safely

  • Introduce vegetables gradually: It is essential to introduce any new food, including vegetables, gradually into your dog's diet to avoid digestive problems.
  • Choose safe vegetables: Make sure to choose vegetables that are safe for dogs and avoid those that are toxic to them.
  • Proper proportion: Vegetables should only complement your dog's daily diet to avoid nutritional imbalances. The majority of their diet should continue to be high-quality dog food that covers all their basic nutritional needs.
  • Consult a Veterinarian: It is always advisable to consult with a veterinarian before making significant changes to your dog's diet, especially if he or she has specific health conditions or special dietary requirements.

Combining vegetables with your dog's food can not only make meals more attractive to your dog, but can also contribute to his overall health and well-being. However, it should always be done with knowledge and caution to ensure that your pooch receives all the benefits of a safe, balanced diet.

At Breedna, we understand the importance of high-quality, balanced nutrition for our canine friends. For this reason, our range of Dog Food has been developed with the specific needs of each dog in mind, from puppies to adults. We know that each dog is unique and deserves the best, which is why our Premium Dog Food is made with 100% natural ingredients, including fresh fruits, vegetables, and fresh fish, guaranteeing a diet rich in minerals, vitamins, omega 3 fatty acids. and L-carnitine.

Leave a comment